Degaussing FAQs

Q: What is Physical Drive Destruction?

To positively prevent data from recovery; disks can be removed from disk drives and broken up, or even ground to microscopic pieces. DoD 5220.22M recommends degaussing followed by physical destruction of the storage medium (the magnetic disks) for data classified higher than Secret. Even such physical destruction is not absolute if any remaining disk pieces are larger than a single 512-byte record block in size, about 1/125″ in today’s drives. As linear and track densities increases, the maximum allowable size of disk fragments become ever smaller. Destroyed disk fragments of this size can be image restored by magnetic microscopy.

Some storage products are more easily destroyed than hard disk drives, such as magnetic disk data cartridges, tape cartridges, secure USB drives, and optical media.

Q: What is Non-destructive Data Erasure (Data Sanitization)?

Non-destructive data erasure supports wiping and permanently cleaning for all traces of deleted files and folder, administrator documents and other similar files or folders for maintaining computer privacy and enhancing system performance. It deletes all the data, free space, slack space, deleted memory chunks of data even if they’re not existing in a file, removes huge files stored on HDD of Windows OS and any removable media and cannot be recovered or restored by any data recovery software.

Q: What is Sanitization of Data?

Data Sanitization is the process of erasing (sanitizing) or destroying sensitive information in storage devices to meet legal compliance requirements thereby protecting user data from unauthorized use.

Q: What is Degaussing (or Demagnetizing)?

Degaussing is the process for reducing the magnetization of a magnetic storage device to zero by applying a reverse (coercive) magnetizing force, rendering any previously stored data unreadable and unintelligible, and ensuring that it cannot be recovered by any technology known to exist.

Q: What is Coercive Force?

A negative or reverse magnetic force applied for the purpose of reducing magnetic flux density.

Q: What is a degausser?

Degausser is an electrical device or permanent magnet assembly which generates a coercive magnetic force for the purpose of degaussing magnetic storage devices or other magnetic material. In order to be effective in sanitizing data, the degausser needs to be evaluated by an authority (e.g. US DoD, NSA/CSS) to meet the *oersted strength as claimed by the manufacturer.

*Oersted: A cgs unit of magnetic field strength, symbol: Oe. Oersted is a measurement applied to magnetic media.

Q: What is Magnetic Force Microscopy (MFM)?

The Magnetic Force Microscope is a variation of the Atomic Force Microscope, capable of providing high resolution, 3-dimensional images of magnetic fields. Magnetic Force Microscopy (MFM) technology can be used to probe magnetic storage media like hard disk and magnetic tapes for data residue.

If the magnetic data storage media such as hard disks and magnetic tapes have been completely degaussed, there will not be any data residue on the hard disk.

Q: What needs to be sanitised?

CDs and DVDs

Hard Drives

All forms of Magnetic Media, e.g. backup cartridges, tapes, zip disks and floppy disks

Optical and Flash Drives, e.g. thumb drives and memory storage cards

Q: How then to ensure that data are erased securely?

Degaussing – Using secure data destruction equipment such as hard drive degaussers to permanently eliminate data from magnetic media. Hard drive degaussers use powerful magnets or an electromechanical “pulse” to erase data from hard drives. In fact, DoD requirements call for hard drives to be degaussed in an NSA listed Degausser and then physically destroyed prior to disposal.

Shredding – Using secure data destruction equipment to completely pulverize and reduce the media to dust.
Disintegration – Using secure data destruction equipment to destroy bulk materials into particles that cannot be reconstructed.

Q: Does physical destruction of hard disk drives make the data unrecoverable?

Hard disk drives can be removed from the computers, smashed, broken up, drilled holes and even shredded to smaller pieces to prevent the data from being recovered. However, even such physical destruction is not absolute if any remaining disk pieces are larger than a single record block in size, about 1/125″ in today’s drives (Note that as the linear and track density of magnetic recording increases the resulting recoverable pieces of disk must become even smaller if all chances of data recovery after physical destruction alone are to be zero).

By physically destroying the outer surface of the hard disks does not ensure that the data are properly sanitized/degaussed. Data can still be recovered by a process known as MFM (Magnetic Force Microscopy) ‏

Q: Why the need to ensure that electronic data in storage media are securely erased and destroyed?

By simply discarding obsolete or damaged storage media, traces of sensitive information that are being left behind can be recovered easily. This compromises the security of the confidential data.

HDD Hard Disk Drive Eraser

WipeDrive

WipeDrive is an erasure that able to wipe all data from your hard drives in accordance with some well-known standards such as (DoD 5220.22-M, HMG IS5 Baseline, HMG IS5 Enhanced, Canada Ops-II, US Army AR380-19, US Air Force 5020, German VSITR, NAVSO P-5239-26, NCSC-TG-025, Russian GOST P50739-95) making it unrecoverable.

By completely erase your hard drive, it protects your identity and other personal information, when buying, selling or throwing your computer away. It may also improve your system performance.

Hammer

• NIST Approved – Hammer erasure tool is compliant with NIST 800-36 and 800-88

• Supports Multiple Devices At One Time – Hammer erasure tool is able to process up to 4 hard disks at once

• All-In-One Device – Hammer erasure tool can not only erase, but also, partition, format and image source data to each of the drives.

The Hammer is a hard disk drive erasure tool. The device will securely erase all data written to the attached drives, up to 4 drives at once.

Both PATA and SATA interfaces are supported. Secure Erase is implemented allowing guaranteed, uninterrupted erasure of all data stored on the media.

If a drive does not support the secure erase command, NIST 800-36 and 800-88 compliant data erase methods are used.

Once each connected device is erased, the user can configure the system to partition, format and image source data to each of the drives.

Once the process has been started, the Hammer will execute each step until complete.

Hammer is a one step tool that will erase all data from a drive and prepare the drive to be redeployed into service.

Features:

• Secure Erase / Pattern Erase
• Auto Partitioning / Auto Formatting
• Auto Image Copy
• NIST 800-88 Compliant / NIST 800-36 Compliant
• SATA and PATA interfaces
• High Speed UDMA transfers
• Verify after complete
• Portable
• Up to Four Drives at one time
• USB 2.0 for storing and printing verification logs

Benefits

• Provides peace of mind that confidential data will not fall into the wrong hands.

• Meets data sanitization standards set by the US National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and The US Department of Defense

 

HDD Hard disk drive Degaussers

Proton Hard disk drive Degaussers

Proton T-4 Hard disk drive Degausser

• T-4 complies with DoD requirements for destroying classified information on magnetic media and is on the NSA EPL. (October 2009)

• Independent tests indicate an Effective Magnetic Field (EMF) of 40,000 gauss and 13,330 Oersteds over 2.5 times the power of existing NSA test levels.

• Automatic On/Off operation.

• Lightweight enables table top or floor operation.

• Manufactured in the USA in ISO 9001 certified facilities.

• Destruction of confidential, sensitive and classified data is in accordance with recognized standards and provides compliance under FACTA, HIPAA, GLB, DPA, etc.

• Confidence that data on high density hard drives is rendered unavailable and unusable.• Minimal training and simplicity of use.• Fits easily into existing operations.

Proton T-1.5 Hard disk drive Degausser

  • Packs a punch – Strongest drawer style degausser available today, producing an effective magnetic field of 1.5 Tesla, capable of erasing up to 3 TB hard disks
  • Peace of mind – Meets data sanitization standards set by NIST & DoD
  • Hassle-free – Simple one touch button starts the swift degaussing process

The new Proton T-1.5 is a drawer style degausser that destroys data on hard drives and other magnetic media to help organizations protect sensitive information and stay in compliance with various Government regulations for data sanitization.

The T-1.5 is automatic, light weight and simple to use so it will fit easily into existing operations.

An effective magnetic field of 1.5 Tesla makes it the strongest drawer style degausser available today capable of erasing 3 TB drives.

As hard drive and other magnetic media densities increase, the T-1.5 will continue to be the ultimate guard against data loss that can lead to costly data breaches.

Proton 8000 Hard disk drive Degausser

  • Quiet Performer – Low-noise, compact unit with “industrial strength” flux fields.
  • Multiple usage methods – Foot controller available for hands-free operation to fit your organisation’s needs.
  • One Size Fits Many – Wide range of magnetic media supported including compact cassettes, hard disks and broadcast & video storage tapes.

The Proton Model 8000 Table Top unit is a low-noise, compact unit with ‘industrial strength’ flux fields. It features a foot-control for hands-free operation and can degauss a wide range of magnetic media, including ¼”, ½”, 1″ and 2″ thick reels, and up to 16″ diameter reels.

Other computer media includes compact cassettes, QIC, DC600, 2000, Tk50, 70, 85, 3480/3490/3590E, 4mm/8mm, Extrabyte/Travan, and any Type I, II or III computer media in addition to 3″½ and 5″¼ hard drives.

Broadcast & Video Media – VHS, S-VHS, U-matic, U-matic SP, 1″, 2″, B, and C format, Beta SP M1/M3, D1, D2, D3, DVC-PRO, R-DAT, Pancakes, and 16″ Mirror Mother Master Tape.

The Proton 8000 employs an exclusive magnetic resonance design that insures full-power to the magnetic loop circuit, (magnetic media) for full, deep degauss levels.

The Proton 8000 has a large work surface with operating instructions in full view, and a degaussing coil current monitor providing visual confirmation of full degauss levels.

A ‘soft-start’ design eliminates circuit-breaker problems at turn-on, and unlike other degaussers, has maximum erasure field plus maximum erasure time. Status indicator lights confirm operation mode.

All accessories are included – reel guide, foot control, hard drive handling container, detachable line cord and detailed instructions.

Proton 1100 Hard disk drive Degausser

  • NSA Approved – Proton 1100 is on the NSA Approved Product List
  • Peace Of Mind – NIST & DoD approved for all media up to 2,870 Oe
  • Tiny Form Factor – At only 13cm long and 400g in weight, this handheld degaussing wand is convenient during usage as well as storage
  • The Proton 1100 Degaussing Wandis designed to provide maximum security level media degaussing for a wide range of magnetic media.A multi-polar design insures minimum flux levels of 6,000 gauss and full hysteresis of all magnetic states.Conventional magnetic recording devices (recording heads) cannot provide the flux density required to totally erase magnetic signatures. The magnetic information remains in the media after conventional erasing techniques and reformatting procedures. Only a high-energy magnetic circuit that provides a full-cycle (+ – + -) field can reliably erase this remnant magnetic information to a full security level.A magnetic shield is provided for safe storage of the degaussing wand.Proton 1100 effectively degausses disk drives, diskpacks, drum type memories, floppies and any flat-surface magnetic memory.

 

SEM Mag EraSURE

SEM Mag EraSURE P3

• Permanent Fixed Rare Earth Magnet Technology
• Ergonomically designed portable workbench complete with drive staging area.
• Improved, larger aperture accepts full size VHS formats.
• NSA-approved degausser for LMR as well as PMR technology. This extends the life of this product well into the future.

• Provides peace of mind that confidential data will not fall into the wrong hands.

• Meets data sanitization standards set by the US National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and The US Department of Defense.

• Environmentally responsible with low power consumption of 1 Amp.

• Highest Rated NSA Approved Degausser in the market – Supports up to 6,000 Oe for Hard Disks & 2,600 Oe for Tapes

• State-Of-The-Art Technology – World’s fastest cycle time of only 15 seconds

• Non-stop Business – Permanent fixed rare earth magnet technology is harnessed which produces no heat unlike traditional electro-magnetic methods,
allowing for continuous operations

SEM Mag EraSURE P3M

• NSA Approved Degausser – 6,000 Oe for Hard Disks & 2,600 Oe for Tapes

• Runs on Human Power – This degausser runs via a manual hand crank with a cycle time of just 10 seconds requiring no electricity to operate the unit

• Non-stop Business – Permanent fixed rare earth magnet technology is employed which produces no heat unlike traditional electro-magnetic methods, allowing for continuous operations

For field deployment or where power is not available or needed, the SEM Model ME-P3M is the ideal choice.  The unit is designed to degauss 5000 Oe Standard (LMR) and Perpendicular Magnetic Recorded (PMR) Hard Drives and/or Magnetic tapes quickly and easily.

The unit is operated by a MANUAL HAND CRANK METHOD with a cycle time of just 10 seconds requiring no electricity or power to operate the unit. The actual degauss cycle time is one second as the drive passes through the magnetic field.

An optional height adjustable mobile lift table (Model 250MOBLIFT) is also available.
For field deployment, an optional Deployment Hard Case is also available (Model P3M DEP).

SEM Mag EraSURE P2V

FollowMe works on a Client-Server infrastructure with a central server or servers handling all print jobs in a similar way to a print server.

FollowMe is an all-in-one Output Cost Management system consisting of three core components:

• the Client, which is the user’s workstation,
• the Q-Server, which is the print server, which stores all print jobs uploaded from the client, and manages all communications and
• the ID-Reader hardware (print release station), located on the printer allowing a variety of different recognition techniques to be sent to the server for authentication.

The user must first authenticate at the FollowMe Hardware using any of the supported indentification technologies. Once authenticated the FollowMe Q-Server will release any pending print jobs. If the device (copier/printer/MFP) is copy patrol enabled the FollowMe Q-Server will signal the hardware to enable the copy patrol functionality.

About us

Data Terminator provides focused security solutions and services that secure your data at rest, data in motion and data in use. We provide best degaussing service in Singapore, Hard Disk Crusher, NSA degausser Singapore, DoD degausser Singapore.

Contact us

DT Asia Group

A: 21 Bukit Batok Crescent #13-72 WCEGA Tower, Singapore 658065
T: (65) 6266 2877
E: enquiry.dps@dtasiagroup.com